For years France has supported the members of the APIOI (the Association of Ports of the Islands of the Indian Ocean) so that they can face the big questions and challenges related to the preservation of the environment. The French development agency responsible for the dossier is funding APIOI with 500,000 euros by aiming for a study with 4 simple goals.
The first is to make the APIOI member ports aware of the issues of the ecological and energy transition, adaptation to the consequences of climate change and the integration of ports into cities. The second makes a diagnosis of the actions that have already been implemented in relation to these issues. The third recommends measures for ports and creates timetables in this direction. Finally, the fourth writes the feasibility studies that enable the implementation of concrete solutions. In short, this is an ambitious program to ensure that ports integrate into their environment and limit their ecological impacts as much as possible.
The concept was therefore promoted during the AIVP (International Association of Cities and Ports) meetings that were organized on the island of Reunion Island in 2018. So the idea is not new and the AIVP in particular is becoming the technical partner of this study that has just started. To this end, it has an international network of 200 members whose aim is to promote exchange between cities, ports and their institutional and economic partners, while at the same time ensuring the promotion of sustainable development.
With this study, the association is therefore in its natural environment. It has therefore set itself an Agenda 2030 for “Sustainable Port Cities”, which adapts the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations to the specific context of port cities. Among the elements that will be valued in this operation, the ecological and energy transition (TEE) of the ports will be a priority, alongside adaptation to climate change (particularly the rise in sea levels).
The TEE will focus in particular on reducing GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions, expanding renewable energies, reducing marine pollution (liquid and solid waste) and reducing the impact of ports on biodiversity.
Mayotte, whose port lies in the middle of the fragile lagoon, must therefore fully face the challenges of this program. Choice of vehicles and hoists, power generation, storage of goods, waste, constructions to be improved or executed, Longoni, like the other ports of the Indian Ocean, must therefore work to reduce their impact on the sea with development, profitability and cost reduction goals.
Samuel Boscher for France Mayotte Matin
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