Egypt, one of the world’s largest wheat importers, has bought much of its grain from the Black Sea in recent years but has found those imports disrupted by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
The conflict has also further increased the cost of importing wheat. Egypt relies primarily on imported wheat to provide heavily subsidized bread for more than 70 million of its 103 million people.
As Egypt sought to diversify import origins, Supply Minister Aly Moselhy said in May it had agreed to buy 500,000 tons of wheat from India. India banned wheat exports that same month but gave concessions to countries like Egypt that need food security.
“According to the supplier, the condition was that the wheat had to be in the ports, then it would be available,” Moselhy said at a press conference on Sunday.
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“We had agreed on 500,000 tons, it turns out [the supplier]has 180,000 tons in port.”
Moselhy added that Egypt is also in talks with Russian suppliers for a wheat offtake agreement.
Separately, Egypt is looking at ways to extract more flour from grains, increasing the extraction percentage for flour used in subsidized bread from 82% to 87.5%, Moselhy said.
This could save around 500,000 tons of imported wheat, which would mean importing 5 to 5.5 million tons of wheat for fiscal year 2022/23, he added.
Another idea tested was the addition of potatoes to wheat flour. “We’re looking at the technology now,” Moselhy said.
According to Moselhy, current wheat stocks will last nearly 6 months after sourcing 3.9 million tons in the local crop.
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