The introduction of the Omicron variant sparked the debate about the north-south divide in vaccines

Will the advent of the Omicron variant serve as a booster? Will we really be aware of the blatant vaccine inequalities in the face of Covid-19 between the countries of the North and the South? Is a new impulse being born to try to reduce it? Globally, only 30% of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines have been given in low- and middle-income countries, despite 51% of the population living there. And 68% of all vaccine doses were distributed in just ten countries, notes the World Health Organization (WHO).

Among the states that have achieved vaccination protection of 40%, there are no low-income countries, only twelve lower-middle-income countries and 27 low-income countries. Middle of the upper disc. On the other hand, this list of privileged states includes 71 high-income countries that are able to use vaccination protection on a large scale.

Let’s continue the exam. While 56.5% of the world’s population received at least one dose of vaccine, it is only 7.5% in low-income countries. refers to the Our World in Data site. From January to February, the vaccination curve in rich countries began to rise steadily. A few months later, the income countries have They followed them in mid-September and caught up with them in mid-September. Income Countries Middle-aged people started vaccinating late, twice as often. As for the low-income countries, their vaccinations started with great effort from the summer to lower their levels.

Read the survey: Articles reserved for our subscribers Access to anti-Covid vaccines: the great north-south divide

The imbalance between the continents is also striking. On December 14, the European Union (EU) vaccinated 68.2% of the population with two doses (all of Europe, 60%); South America, 61%; North America, 56%; Asia, 52.9%; and Africa, 8.1%, says Our World in Data. Eritrea and North Korea are the only two countries that have not been vaccinated. The least vaccinated countries in the world include Burundi (0.03% vaccinated), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (0.2%), Haiti (0.6%), Ethiopia (1.2%), Burkina Faso (1, 5%), Mali (1.7%). ), Tanzania (1.8%), Nigeria (1.9%), Congo (2.4%) …

“With vaccination coverage this low, we cannot cover even the most vulnerable populations. laments Thierry Lefrançois, veterinarian at the Center for International Cooperation in Agricultural Research for Development and member of the French Scientific Council. Before we hope to meet the WHO’s ambitious goals, we should at least cover the elderly and those with comorbidities, as well as health workers. “

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