- By Matthew Henry
- BBC Sport
Second Test, Newlands, Cape Town (day one of five)
South Africa 55 (Siraj 6-15) & 62-3 (Markram 36*; Mukesh 2-25)
India 153 (34.5 overs): Kohli 46; Rabada 3-38, Ngidi 3-30, Burger 3-42
South Africa are 36 runs ahead with 7 wickets left
India dismissed South Africa for just 55 points before falling to a total of 153 points in return as 23 goals fell on an extraordinary opening day in Cape Town.
Mohammed Siraj scored a career-best 6-15 as the hosts were defeated in 23.2 overs on a swinging, lively second Test pitch.
India were in complete control at 153-4 but lost their last six wickets after tea as there were no runs in 11 balls.
South Africa slipped to 62-3 at stumps in the second innings.
As India looked to build a decisive lead in the first innings, Lungi Ngidi took three wickets in the 34th over, triggering a stunning collapse.
KL Rahul was his first victim, hitting an uppercut on wicketkeeper Kyle Verreynne before Ravindra Jadeja sent a rising ball to the gully and Jasprit Bumrah was similarly dismissed by the bat's shoulder.
Virat Kohli, who top-scored with 46, edged out Kagiso Rabada for second slip in the next over, Siraj was dismissed without conceding and Prasidh Krishna also hit the barrier.
Six batters were searching for a duck in India's innings – and it was the first time in Test history that a team lost six wickets without scoring a run.
Rabada, Ngidi and left-back Nandre Burger finished the game with three wickets each.
In total, the teams' first two innings lasted just 349 balls or 58.1 overs – the second fewest ever – as both sides struggled to cope with the ball rising from a length.
Verreynne was South Africa's top scorer in the first innings with 15 as only two Proteas batters reached double figures after Elgar won the toss and elected to bat.
Opener Elgar, who was captain in his last Test before retirement, was bowled for two by Siraj, who also had Aiden Markram, Tony de Zorzi, David Bedingham, Marco Jansen and Verreynne caught either by the wicketkeeper or in the slips.
Jasprit Bumrah won 2-25 and Mukesh Kumar 2-0.
It was South Africa's lowest Test score since their elimination from Australia in Melbourne in 1932 with 45 points and the eighth lowest score in their history.
The hosts struck again before the end when Elgar was dismissed for 12 – he was bowled out twice in one day in his last friendly match – and De Zorzi and Tristan Stubbs were also sent off.
Markram remains unbeaten on 36 points with Bedingham at his side and the pair will continue on day two with South Africa still 36 points behind.
Their first choice players will instead compete in their domestic T20 competition, the SA20.
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