Myths about monkeypox, don’t believe it so easily

Bisnis.com, JAKARTA – After the World Health Organization (WHO) declared an outbreak monkey pox As a global health emergency, information continues to pour in on social media, some even spreading myths.

There are several hoaxes and myths surrounding monkeypox that you should not believe:

1. Stigmatization of certain countries or races

Monkeypox is considered endemic in several West African countries where it is common. However, this year it has not spread from these countries.

The monkeypox cases reported in 2022 have no travel links to countries declared endemic, which this time has attracted serious attention.

2. Gay men spread disease

This is another shocking stigma attached to infection. At a time when we are all battling the pandemic together, such an understanding is a shame.

With the spread of monkeypox, homosexual men became targets for the spread of the disease.

The fact is that while there have been reports of male-to-male transmission of infection through sexual contact, the infection is not exclusively limited to that. Even the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has declared monkeypox as not a sexually transmitted disease.

Monkeypox can be spread when a healthy person comes into contact with an infected person; Intimacy and physical contact feature in it.

3. 8 Monkeypox is deadly

This myth may stem from the pandemic, the negative effects of which we have recently seen, or it may have been placed on social media to increase fear of infection, as in the early days of a pandemic.

Monkeypox is rarely fatal. According to the US CDC, more than 99% of people infected with monkeypox likely survive.

However, the symptoms of this viral infection are very painful.

4. There is no vaccine against monkeypox

Although there is no exclusive vaccine for monkeypox, the US CDC says because monkeypox and smallpox viruses are genetically similar, vaccines designed to protect against the smallpox virus can be used to prevent monkeypox infection.
In India, the union government has no plans at this time to provide a smallpox vaccine against monkeypox infection. Four cases of infection have been reported so far.

“We have only four confirmed cases of monkeypox in India. In the current situation, we are not actively considering vaccination, but we are not completely dismissing the possibility. If the need arises in the future, we will review our options,” a health ministry official said.

6. Monkeypox is the same as smallpox and chickenpox

Although smallpox and chickenpox look similar, monkeypox infection is very different from these two infections. Aside from the fact that the symptoms of monkeypox infection are painful, another notable feature of this infection is that it swells the lymph nodes.

Monkeypox is caused by the monkeypox virus, a member of the genus Orthopoxvirus in the family Poxviridae.

This virus is a double-stranded DNA virus belonging to the genus Orthopoxvirus of the family Poxviridae.

Although the symptoms are similar to those of smallpox, they differ clinically.

The animal hosts of monkeypox are rodents and primates. Squirrels are also suspected to be potential hosts of the virus.

It can be transmitted from an infected person to a healthy person through respiratory secretions, skin lesions, or contaminated objects
The incubation period for monkeypox virus can range from 5 to 21 days.

Monkeypox Symptoms You Need to Know

There are some typical symptoms of monkeypox.

“Rash and development of lymph nodes (enlarged lymph nodes) in multiple areas of the body are the two main symptoms that distinguish this viral infection from others,” said Dr. Rajiv Dang, Senior Director and HOD – Internal Medicine and Medical Director, Hospital. Max, gurugram.

As for other visible symptoms of infection, Dr. Dang: “Fever, headache, muscle pain, chills, back pain, fatigue and some other symptoms of this infection.”

“Some patients may also experience coughing, nausea and shortness of breath. Although there may be other symptoms associated with this infection, so far these known symptoms have been observed in 4 confirmed cases in a country suffering from monkeypox,” the expert added.


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