Indian Science and Technology Minister Jitendra Singh said on social media that the probe had reached its final orbit “to unravel the mysteries of the Sun-Earth connection.”
The United States and the European Space Agency (ESA) have sent numerous probes to the center of the solar system since NASA's Pioneer program in the 1960s.
Japan and China have both launched their own solar-observing missions into Earth orbit, but the Indian Space Research Organization's (ISRO) latest mission is the first from an Asian country to be placed in orbit around the sun.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi hailed the event as a new “milestone” in India’s space program.
India has launched a solar observation probe.
“This is a testament to the tireless efforts of our scientists,” he said on social media, adding: “We will continue to explore new scientific frontiers for the benefit of humanity.”
Aditya, named after a Hindu solar deity, traveled 1.5 million kilometers from Earth, or just 1% of the distance that separates our planet from the solar system star. It is now at a point where the gravitational forces of the two celestial bodies cancel each other out, allowing it to remain in a stable orbit around the Sun.
The orbiter, which reportedly cost $48 million, will study coronal mass ejections, a periodic phenomenon that results in enormous discharges of plasma and magnetic energy from the sun's atmosphere.
These ejections are so powerful that they can reach Earth and disrupt satellite operations.
The mission also aims to shed light on several other solar phenomena by imaging and measuring particles in the sun's upper atmosphere.
India's space program has a relatively modest budget, but it has grown significantly since the country first sent a probe into orbit around the moon in 2008. Last August, the country became the first to land an unmanned spacecraft near the largely unexplored lunar south pole.
India is also the first Asian country to put a spacecraft into orbit around Mars in 2014 and plans to launch a three-day crewed mission into Earth's orbit later this year.
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