Heatwave between India and Pakistan will test human survivability

Jakarta, CNN Indonesia

part of the region India and Pakistan have increased temperature significant and endangers millions of lives. This phenomenon is an impact climate crisis.

According to the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), the average high temperature in northwestern India reached 35.9 degrees Celsius in April. While the northern part of India even reached 37.78 degrees Celsius.

This has resulted in the closure of schools, crop failures and declining coal supplies. The Indian government has closed schools and urged its citizens to stay indoors to avoid dehydration.

In recent years, both the federal and state governments of India have taken a number of measures to mitigate the effects of heat waves. But more needs to be done to prepare for future heatwaves, according to Chadni Singh, lead author of the IPCC and senior researcher at the Indian Institute of Human Settlements.

“You have to adapt as much as possible. This heatwave is testing the limits of human survival. [Apalagi] India has no plans to combat the heatwave [jangka panjang] and there are gaps in planning,” Singh said.

So far, coal stocks at three of the five power plants that Delhi relies on for electricity have fallen below 25 percent, according to India’s Electricity Ministry.

India canceled more than 650 passenger trains by the end of May to give priority to freight trains. The reason is that India is currently struggling to replenish coal stocks in the power plants.

Aside from school closures and the loss of coal stocks, India has also seen crop failures. Known as the ‘breadbasket of India’, northern Punjab has experienced an average temperature rise of up to 7 degrees Celsius, impacting grain yields.

“We’ve lost more than 5 quintals (500 kilograms) per hectare of our April crop due to the heatwave,” Singh said.

Chandni Singh said farm workers were more likely to suffer from the scorching heat.

“People who work outdoors – farmers, builders, workers – will suffer more. They have fewer opportunities to cool off and can’t escape the heat,” he said.

In April, temperatures in New Delhi exceeded 40 degrees Celsius for seven consecutive days. That means it’s three degrees above the April average.

India, Pakistan and the cities of Jacobabad and Sibi in Sindh province also experienced heat waves of up to 47 degrees Celsius.

“This is the first time in decades that Pakistan is experiencing what many are calling a ‘year without a spring,'” said Pakistan’s Climate Minister Sherry Rehman.

Experts assume that the climate crisis will lead to heat waves becoming more frequent and longer. In addition, this phenomenon can affect more than a billion people in both countries. According to Chadni Singh, India will be one of the countries hardest hit by the climate crisis.

“This heat wave is truly unprecedented,” said Dr. Chani Singh.

“We have seen changes in intensity, arrival time and duration. This is what climate experts are predicting and will start to have health implications,” he said.

(cyn/agt)


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