E-waste: what is circular economy and why is it important for India?

Technology has changed the way we live and work since the beginning of the digital revolution. It works to make our lives easier and better around the world. In this situation, the growth of electronics has also raised a more serious problem of e-waste. Any waste related to electrical and electronic equipment is called e-waste and includes both working and broken items that are disposed of.

E-waste and disposal are serious environmental issues that affect the entire world. However, we do not think about the materials used or their origin when buying. The same goes for our discarded e-waste when it becomes obsolete or replaced with newer technology. As awareness of climate change increases, we are witnessing a global movement from a linear to a circular manufacturing paradigm. This is particularly important in electronics recycling, where the circular economy for e-waste is in a long process of implementation.

Circular economy for e-waste

A circular economy is characterized as “a production and consumption model that ensures long-term growth”. With the circular economy, we can promote resource optimization, recover waste through recycling or give the product a second life as new and reduce raw material consumption. Creating a circular economy for e-waste will result in zero waste generation and nothing going to landfill. As a result, extending product life and reusing components offer even greater economic benefits. There is also an opportunity to create a more circular system where resources are used and reused to create a more decent and sustainable environment than they are extracted, used and discarded.

importance in India

The technology of our society is increasing, as is our e-waste. Despite the fact that the more items bought, the shorter the shelf life, our e-waste rate has never been higher. Electronic waste must be disposed of properly; it cannot simply be thrown away. On the other hand, individuals should also make adjustments to protect the environment.

Change doesn’t happen quickly, but over time, new behaviors and conscious recycling practices have become more common. Currently, the world’s most developed countries are trying to transition from linear to circular economies. India is also participating in this transition by embarking on a growth path that is inherently restorative and regenerative. Adopting a circular economy in India will result in annual benefits of US$624 billion and a 44% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, according to a renowned foundation analysis. Therefore, the circular economy plays a central role in preserving environmental conditions and creating a reward system to encourage recycling of electronic products.

Benefits of the circular economy

Environmental Protection: By reducing emissions, using fewer natural resources and producing less waste.

Benefits for the local economy: By promoting production models that rely on the reuse of nearby waste as raw materials.

Promotes job growth: It encourages the development of a new, more inventive and competitive industrial model, leading to higher economic growth and more jobs.

Promotes resource independence: Reusing local resources can reduce dependence on imported raw materials.


E-waste and its disposal are major natural challenges affecting the world, but being environmentally conscious is becoming the norm. Eternal life should not be an easy discipline, but it is becoming so right now! The first obligation we have as humans is to coexist in the ecosystem without endangering it, for example by implementing a circular economy that benefits the environment. Therefore, we must do everything in our power, even if it has to start with a small swap, to meet all of our current needs without jeopardizing the capabilities of future generations.

(The author is CEO of Deshwal Waste Management)

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