Venus is one of the planets whose many mysteries have not yet been revealed. Unlike Mars, which has been frequently visited and studied, very little is known about the surface of Venus, which is surrounded by a thick, deadly, and corrosive atmosphere.
“Our mission can be done very quickly, we have the ability to do it. But today we are looking at what contribution the mission (to India) has made,” said ISRO Chairman S Somnath, quoted from TimesNow India on Wednesday (4.5.).
Somnath said the Indian space agency was looking for something different and looking for new discoveries related to Venus. This mission will also involve a major investment.
“We’ll see if we just repeat what has been done to confirm that we can do it (but we must try) to achieve something unique. Unique outcomes such as Chandrayaan, Mars Orbiter Mission and Astrosat are needed for this scientific mission,” he added.
ISRO is now planning experiments such as studying surface processes and near-surface stratigraphy (the study of rock formations), including active volcanic hotspots and lava flows, studying the structure, composition and dynamics of the atmosphere, and studying the interaction of the solar wind with the Venusian ionosphere (where their atmosphere meets space).
ISRO has set the launch date of Shukrayaan I, the rocket vehicle of the Venus Orbiter mission, to December 2024.
It is said that Earth and Venus will align so that the Shukrayaan I vehicle can be placed on a trajectory to the planet that requires the minimum amount of propellant. The next similar period will occur in 2031.
Venus is the focus of ISRO’s exploration as it is believed to have conditions similar to those on Earth. In 2020, traces of a rare molecule called phosphine were discovered in Venus’ upper atmosphere.
Phosphine is usually produced by human industrial activities or by microorganisms that thrive in an oxygen-free environment.
This is causing great excitement about the possibility of certain types of microbial life in Venus’ inhospitable outermost atmosphere and, of course, the possibility of life on the planet.
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