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Lifeguards are urging people not to go near the sea at Puri Beach during Bay of Bengal Cyclone Asani, Monday 9 May 2022. (PTI photo)

Whenever a cyclone hits a country, what most people think of first is what those names mean. In 2000, a group of nations called WMO/ESCAP (World Meteorological Organization/United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific), which included Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand, decided to begin naming cyclones in the region. After each country submitted proposals, the WMO/ESCAP Tropical Cyclone Panel (PTC) finalized the list.

WMO/ESCAP was expanded in 2018 to include five more countries – Iran, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

The list of 169 cyclone names released by IMD in April 2020 was provided by these countries – 13 suggestions from each of the 13 countries.

Adopting names for hurricanes makes it easier for people to remember, as opposed to numbers and technical terms. In addition to the general public, it also helps the scientific community, the media, disaster managers, etc. With a name, it’s also easy to identify individual cyclones, create awareness of their development, quickly disseminate alerts to improve community preparedness and eliminate confusion There are multiple cyclone systems over a region.

Super cyclones in India, Bangladesh: The number of severe floods is expected to increase enormously

A new study has found that supercyclones are likely to have much more devastating effects on people in South Asia in the years to come. The paper was published in the Royal Meteorological Society’s journal Climate Resilience and Sustainability on Monday – a day that the India Meteorological Department was tracking Asani, which was classified as a severe cyclonic storm and was expected to become a cyclone.

The University of Bristol-led study, which involved Bangladeshi scientists, looked at 2020’s Super Cyclone Amphan, the costliest cyclone to make landfall in South Asia. They projected its consequences in different scenarios of sea level rise due to global warming.

Extremely Severe Cyclone Fani and Super Cyclone Amphan wreaked havoc in Odisha and West Bengal respectively. In contrast, Cyclone Asani is expected to only brush the coast and not make landfall. Its expected recurring behavior upon reaching the south coast of Odisha will likely be similar to that of Cyclone Jawad, although Asani’s track does not match that of Jawad, which formed in the Bay of Bengal last December.

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