Air pollution shortens life expectancy in India. How about Indonesia?

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA – Until today Air pollution still covers Jakarta and its surrounding areas. There has been much discussion about the increase in the number of upper respiratory tract infections (ARIs) among residents of Jakarta and surrounding areas.

There has also been much discussion about the possible effects of lung and other respiratory diseases. Postgraduate Director of YARSI University, who is also a professor at FKUI, Prof. Tjandra Yoga Aditama, said that we need to know this in this case pollution Air can also have an impact on life expectancy, as studies in India show.

Two days ago on August 29, the University of Chicago’s Energy Policy Institute released the results of the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) study for India and its surrounding areas. This AQLI research analyzes the effects of pollution on life expectancy.

This publication dated August 29, 2023 is an analysis based on data from 2021, in which the annual average (“annual average”) of PM2.5 in New Delhi was 126.5 g/ m3, which is more than 25 times the WHO recommended limit of 5 g/m3. High fine dust levels were also recorded in New Delhi in 2021. High levels of air pollution in 2021 apparently reduced the life expectancy of New Delhi residents to 11.9 years, using the WHO safe limit.

Another analysis: If we use data from India’s national pollution standards, New Delhi residents could lose out Life expectancy for 8.5 years. This study also concludes that particulate matter pollution is the greatest health risk in India, even surpassing the impact of cardiovascular disease and maternal malnutrition in reducing life expectancy.

“On an average, the Indian population loses 5.3 years of life expectancy due to particulate pollution, while the loss of life expectancy due to cardiovascular diseases is 4.5 years and 1.8 years due to maternal and infant malnutrition,” he said the Indonesian Lung Doctors Association (PDPI).

The results of this study also show that around 67.4 percent of India’s population lives in an air pollution environment that exceeds air quality standards (Water quality standards) has been set at 40 μg/m3 by the local government.

The former WHO Southeast Asia director, who lived in New Delhi for five years, explained that this research report also showed that in the South Asia region, particulate pollution increased by 9.7 percent from 2013 to 2021. The PM2.5 level was 9.5 percent, in Pakistan it was 8.8 percent. and in Bangladesh it also rose by 12.4 percent.

Further analysis of this research shows the annual average particle pollution (average annual fine dust pollution) in India increased by 67.7 percent from 1998 to 2021. This further exacerbated the 2.3 year decline in average life expectancy.

He said given that Indonesia is still struggling with air pollution, it would be good if a study on the Air Quality Life Index was also conducted. “So we know for sure whether there is one or not.” Effects of air pollution “Our collective life expectancy and if so, how many years of life will be lost,” he said.

According to him, this research must be done now so that over time we will have valid and trustworthy scientific data. “Hopefully the affected parties will take appropriate steps immediately,” he said.

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